Tanzania

The SAGCOT corridor (see figure 4) is characterized by a state-driven commercialization and intensification of agriculture through public-private partnerships. Since national food insecurity and poverty remain the main challenges for the agricultural sector, a transition from a land-extensive and low-input subsistence agriculture to high-input and market-oriented production has been suggested by development institutes. Thus, in 2009, the national resolve ‘Kilimo Kwanza’ (Swahili for ‘agriculture first’) provided a set of strategies and policy interventions with a focus on the commercialization and modernization of agriculture through public-private partnerships. SAGCOT was designed to actively foster an integration of local production into commercial interregional and international value chains and as a result transform the SAGCOT area into a highly commercialized agricultural growth region. The Tanzanian government, together with private investors, now aims at exploiting the favorable availability of natural resources (land, soil, water) in the Rufiji Basin (mainly lowland rice in the Kilombero Cluster, and potatoes, field vegetables and dairy products in the Ihemi Cluster) for large-scale mechanized production to satisfy a growing national demand, but partially also targeting the international market. Year-round crop production entails an expansion of cultivated land area but also investments in (irrigation) infrastructure, increased size of production units, and the provision of links to national and international markets.

News

July 8, 2021

European Journal of Development Research Special Issue

Press Release | Aspirations matter: European Journal of Development Research Special Issue: ‘Rural aspirations in Africa – livelihood decisions and rural development trajectories’. Volume 33, issue […]
June 18, 2021

Off to sugar valley

Despite colonial echoes, settlement schemes represent a major element in ‘nation-building’ endeavours in Tanzania’s history. Their evolution through the 1960s was circuitous and haphazard. This article […]
June 9, 2021

Translating narratives in the Kilombero catchment, Tanzania

The Kilombero wetland in Tanzania is affected by advancing land use and land cover changes (LULCC), where we observe a conflict between development interests and the […]

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